FAQ's

 


Do I need to appoint a solicitor? 
It is strongly advisable to appoint a solicitor to handle your purchase in Cyprus. The duties of a solicitor involve all necessary searches in the Land Registry Office, the preparation and correction of the Contract of sale, the deposition of the Contract of Sale in the Land Registry Office and your application to the Council of Ministers if one is needed. 

When choosing a solicitor to represent you try to find one that is experienced in Real Estate matters and make sure he is only representing you and NOT both parties. 


Application to the Council of Ministers, do I need to apply? 
All non-residents must apply in writing for permission to buy property from the Cypriot Council of Ministers. Your solicitor can assist you with the application as it is more like a routine process for them and permission is granted to all genuine buyers more or less automatically 


What properties can a non-Cypriot purchase? 
Under Cyprus Law, Cyprus citizens as well as E.U. citizens who have their permanent residence in Cyprus are allowed to acquire any property without any restrictions. 
The residential status is ascertained by the district Offices and is obtained when a person resides in Cyprus for a total period of 183 days per year or more. 
Foreigners and E.U. citizens who are not permanent residents in Cyprus, wishing to purchase immovable property in Cyprus, are obliged to adhere to special formalities and are restricted by certain regulations. 

Restriction as to the size and type of the property. The above individuals are given permission to acquire only one of the following: 

   • one apartment 

   • one building 

   • building plot or land up to 4,014 m2 

For foreigners living or working in Cyprus for a long period of time a permit to acquire a second house can be granted. 
After the permission has been obtained and the property is registered in the name of the purchaser, there are no other restrictions for the foreigner. The owner of the immovable property can sell or dispose of the property as he wishes, as any bona fide repeat purchaser will be granted a subsequent permit. 


Stamp duty, who pays it and when? 
The purchaser is liable for the payment of stamp duty at the rate of 2.56 EUR per thousand (or 0.15%) up to the value of 170,860 EUR thereafter the rate is 3.42 EUR per thousand (or 0.20%). This should be paid within 30 days of signing the contract. 

For example if the purchase price is 250 000 EUR:

 

The first 170,860 EUR EUR 170,860 * 0.15 % = 256.29 EUR
Any amount above 170,860 EUR EUR 79,140 * 0.20 % = 158.28 EUR
  TOTAL 414.57 EUR

 


% : Rate per thousand 


Transfer Fees, who pays them and when? 
Real Estate Transfer tax-fees are necessary in order to transfer FREEHOLD ownership to the name of the purchaser. This can be done as soon as the relevant Government Authority has issued the title deed and the purchase has been completed. The Transferee is responsible for the tax payment. The rates are on a graduated scale. 

 

Value of property 
EURO
Transfer fee 
rate (%)
Up to 85,430.10 3
From 85,430.10-170,860.14 5
From over 170,860.14 8

 


For example if the purchase price is EUR 250,000:

 

The first 85,430.10 EUR EUR 85,430.10 @ 3 % = 2,562.90 EUR
85,430.10 to 170,860.14 EUR EUR 85,430.10 @ 5 % = 4,271.51 EUR
Any amount above 170,860.14 EUR EUR 79,139.86 @ 8 % = 6,331.18 EUR
  TOTAL 13,165.59 EUR

 


PLEASE NOTE: Should the purchase be made in joint names (provided the price is more than 85,430 EUR) the effective value for calculation is halved.
For example if the purchase price is EUR 250,000:

 

1st Buyer EUR 85,430.10 @ 3 % = 2,562.9 EUR
  EUR 39,569.9 @ 5 % = 1,978.5 EUR
2nd Buyer EUR 85,430.10 @ 3 % = 2,562.9 EUR
  EUR 39,569.9 @ 5 % = 1,978.5 EUR
  TOTAL 9,082.8 EUR



Do I need to make a will in Cyprus? 

It is advisable to make a will in any country where you have immovable assets you would like to pass on in a certain way. Inheritance tax has been abolished in Cyprus. 


What is the crime level in Cyprus? 
Crime in Cyprus is, comparatively, at a very low level. Street criminality is absent in Cyprus. The Police is always ready to assist anyone who needs help. In case of emergency, one may telephone 199 or 112 (in all towns). All policemen speak good English. 

What is the cost of living in Cyprus? 


Even though the cost of living has raised in the past two years Cyprus still enjoys a very low cost of living in relation to many other EU Countries. At the same time the standard of living in Cyprus is considered very high.


Do EU citizens need a work permit? 
Since Cyprus entry into the EU on May 1st 2004, all EU citizens have every right to live and work in Cyprus without restrictions provided that they hold an EU passport. However, non-Cypriot citizens must still follow the formality of registering at the local immigration office in order to obtain a social security number. 


What is the Cypriot education system like? 
The education system in Cyprus stands at very high levels. There are both Junior and Secondary schools in all cities that cater for European students. The costs of private international schools are much less than in the UK and other EU Countries having an average cost of around 4,000 – 5,000 EUR per annum. 


Is there VAT on properties and at what percentage? 
As from 1st of May 2004, there is VAT only in newly built properties in Cyprus. The VAT stands at 5% for first time buyers while a percentage of 18% applies to people buying a second property in Cyprus. There is no VAT for the purchases of a resale property or Land. 


What is the Income and Inheritance Tax rate in Cyprus? 

Income Tax

EUR Rate
0 – 19,500 0 %
19,50 – 28,000 20 %
28,001 – 36,300 25 %
Over 36,300 30 %


Inheritance tax
There is no Inheritance Tax in Cyprus. 

Please note that:
For Foreign Pensions the first 3,417 EUR of income is exempt each year while the remaining amount is taxed at 5%. The corporation Tax for companies is 10%. 

 


Does Cyprus have a Land Registry Office? What is the Legal system like? 
Cyprus has one of the most reliable and well-organised Land Registry Office in the world which is based on the British equivalent. Purchasing a property in Cyprus can be a very safe procedure. The legal system is also based on the British legal system. 


What are the annual property charges and taxes? 
The Immovable property Tax in Cyprus is calculated at the market value of the property as at 1st January 1980 and that is why the majority of property owners in Cyprus don’t have to pay any property Tax. The property Tax is calculated according to the following chart: 

Property Value (1980) EUR Annual Tax
0 – 170,860.1 No Tax
170,861.85 – 427,150.36 2.5
428,858.96 – 854,300.72 3.5
Over 854,300.72 4


The annual charges that a property owner can face in Cyprus is the Council Tax that varies from 80 – 350 EUR per year accordingly to the area and size of the property. 

 


Can I secure a mortgage in Cyprus? 
Yes, securing a mortgage in Cyprus can be a very simple procedure as long as you are able to contribute around 30% of the selling price and your clean yearly earnings are around two times more from the Bank’s monthly payment. Mortgages can be given in different currencies like Cyprus Pounds, Euro, Dollars, British pounds etc.